WHO’s Report on Ageing in India says the absolute number of the over 60 population in India will increase from 76 million in 2001 to 137 million by 2021.
UNFPA in its Report on the Status of Elderly in Select States of India has said: “A major demographic issue for India in the 21st century is population ageing, with wide implications for economy and society in general. With the rapid changes in demographic indicators over the last few decades, it is certain that India will move from being a young country to an old country over the next few decades.”
“Presently, India has around 90 million elderly and by 2050, the number is expected to increase to 315 million, constituting 20 per cent of the total population. The analysis found that around three-fourths of the elderly live in rural areas, of which 48 per cent are women and 55 per cent of them are widows.”
In its recent report on population ageing: ‘Ageing in the Twenty-First Century: A Celebration and A Challenge’, the UN has said: “Population ageing can no longer be ignored. Globally, the proportion of older persons is growing at a faster rate than general population. This reflects welcome advance in health and overall quality of life in societies across the world. But the social and economic implications are profound, extending far beyond the individual older person and the immediate family, touching broader society and the global community in unprecedented ways.”