Persons with disabilities, who are 60 years and above, are covered under the Scheme of “Integrated Programme for Older Persons (IPOP)” as implemented by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Under this scheme financial assistance is provided to State Governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Panchayati Raj Institutions, local bodies, etc., for running and maintenance of old age homes, day care centres, mobile medicare units etc. for senior citizens.
As per Section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, person with disability means a person suffering from not less than 40% of any disability such as, blindness, low vision, leprosy cured, hearing impairment, locomotor, mental retardation and mental illness, as certified by a medical authority.
For rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, the Department of Disability Affairs under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment runs following schemes:
1. Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)
Under the Scheme, financial assistance is provided for the welfare of persons with disabilities to non-Governmental organizations for projects like Special Schools, Vocational Training Centres, Half Way Homes, Community Based Rehabilitation Centres, Early Intervention Centres for disabled and Rehabilitation for Leprosy Cured Persons etc.
2. Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids and Appliances (ADIP)
Under the Scheme, aids and appliances are distributed to the needy persons with disabilities.
3. Scheme of Incentives to Employees in the Private Sector for providing employment to persons with disabilities.
Under the Scheme, the Government provides the employers’ contribution for Employees Provident Fund (EPF) and Employees State Insurance (ESI) for three years for persons with disabilities employed in the private sector on or after 1.4.2008 with a monthly salary upto Rs.25,000/-.
Further, the National Handicapped Finance & Development Corporation (NHFC) provides concessional credit to persons with disabilities for setting up income generating activities for self employment. The National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation & Multiple Disabilities implements various schemes/ programmes for the welfare of persons with disabilities viz. Niramaya (Health Insurance Scheme), Gyan Prabha (Scholarship Scheme) and Uddyam Prabha (Incentive) Scheme.
- Old Age Assistance Scheme – Delhi Government
- Benefits, Concessions and Schemes for Senior Citizens in India
- Old Age Homes in Delhi NCR
- Maintenance Tribunals for Parents and Senior Citizens in Delhi
- The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007