Gazette of India

As per Section 3 of General Clauses Act, 1897 the “official Gazette” or “Gazette” shall mean the Gazette of India or the official Gazette of a State.

History

Gazette as a terminology has interesting history :

The word gazette comes from gazzetta, a Venetian coin used to buy early Italian newspapers; the coin became a name for the papers themselves. The word was loaned into English to describe a newspaper.

“Gazette” came to be used for an official government paper with the creation of the London Gazette, first published in 1665 under the title of The Oxford Gazette. This was one of the first publications in the world that could be termed a “newspaper”. The Edinburgh Gazette came into existence in 1699, the Dublin Gazette in 1705, and the Belfast Gazette first appeared in 1921, the Iris Oifigiúil of the Irish Free State in 1922.

In some countries, publication in the official gazette (also called public journal) is a condition for official documentation to come into force.

Contents of Gazette of India

All Bills, Acts, Rules, Notifications, Orders, etc. of the Government of India are officially made public through publication in the Gazette of India. It has 4 Parts which are further subdivided into Sections, with each Part and Section specifically allocated for a particular kind of notification.


Part I  -  Section 1 
Notification relating to Non-Statutory Rules, Regulations, Orders and Resolutions issued by the Ministries of  Government of India (other than the Ministry of Defence) and by the Supreme Court.

Part I  -  Section 2 
Notification relating to Appointments, Promotions, Leave etc. of Government Officers issued by the Ministries of the Government of India (other than the Ministry of Defence) and by the Supreme Court of India.

Part I  -  Section 3 
Notifications relating to Resolutions and Non-Statutory Orders, Rules, Regulations issued by the Ministry of Defence.

Part I  -  Section 4 
Notifications relating to Appointments, Promotions, Leave etc. of Government Officers issued by the Ministry of Defence.

Part II  -  Section 1
Acts, Ordinances and Regulations.

Part II  -  Section 1-A
Authoritative texts in Hindi language of Acts, Ordinances and Regulations.

Part II  -  Section 2 
Bills and Reports of the Select Committee on Bills.

Part II  –  Section 3  -  Sub Section (i)
General Statutory Rules (including Orders, Bye-laws etc. of general character) issued by the Ministries of the Government of India (other than the Ministry of Defence) and by Central Authorities (other than the Administration of Union Territories).

Part II  -  Section 3  -  Sub Section (ii) 
Statutory Orders and Notifications issued by the Ministries of the Government of India (other than the Ministry of Defence) and by Central Authorities (other than the Administration of Union Territories).

Part II  -  Section 3  -  Sub Section (iii) 
Authoritative texts in Hindi (other than such texts, published in Section 3 or Section 4 of the Gazette of India) of General Statutory Rules and Statutory Orders (including Bye-laws of a general character) issued by the Ministries of the Government of India (including the Ministry of Defence and by Central Authorities (other than Administration of Union Territories).

Part II  -  Section 4 
Statutory Rules & Orders issued by the Ministry of Defence.

Part III  -  Section 1 
Notifications issued by the High Courts, the Comptroller and Auditor General, Union Public Service Commission, the Indian Railways and by Attached and Subordinate Offices of the Government of India.

Part III  -  Section 2 
Notices & Notifications issued by the Patent Office.

Part III  -  Section 3
Notifications issued by or under the authority of Chief Commissioners.

Part III  –  Section 4 
Miscellaneous Notifications including Notifications, Orders, Advertisements and Notices issued by Statutory Bodies.

Part IV 
Advertisement and Notices issued by the private individuals and private bodies.

Related Reading

Act becomes Law when notified in Gazette of India
The Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Bill, 2010
Sec 125 CrPC & Welfare of Senior Citizens Act
The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007

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